US rapper will perform in Saudi Arabia in July, organisers said, triggering a storm on social media as the ultra-conservative kingdom loosens decades-old restrictions on entertainment.
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Most parents would agree that parenting is extremely complex and challenging. What works for one child, might not work for another – even within the same family.
Parenting practices and beliefs around the world can also be strikingly different. Japanese children, for example, are often allowed to ride the subway by themselves from as young as seven. This would be considered unthinkable to parents in some other countries.
Researchers have explored cultural and historical differences in parenting practices for many years. Studies tend to agree that three major factors often explain differences in parenting style: emotional warmth versus hostility (how loving, warm, and affectionate parents are towards children), autonomy versus control (the degree to which children are given a sense of control over their lives), and structure versus chaos (how much children’s lives are given a sense of structure and predictability).
Attachment theory explained
John Bowlby formulated his ideas on attachment theory during the 1950s. He worked as a child psychiatrist at the Tavistock Clinic in London during World War II – noting the devastating impact of maternal separation and loss on child development.
Working with Mary Ainsworth, a Canadian psychologist, Bowlby provided support for the idea that mothers and children are mutually motivated to seek proximity to one another for survival. He argued that a mother’s sensitivity to her child’s desire for closeness and comfort was a critical factor in shaping attachment and child development.
This sensitivity relates to a mother’s ability and capacity to detect, understand and respond appropriately to her child’s cues around distress and threat. If her baby is distressed, a securely attached mother is attuned to the distress – she detects it, she is motivated to alleviate it, and she offers a set of soothing responses to do so.
Leading attachment researchers have argued that a consistent lack of such maternal sensitivity in infancy and early childhood results in a belief that the world is unsupportive and that one is unlovable.
The key principles of attachment theory have become embedded in contemporary Western ideas about parenting. And the language of attachment theory underpins the “attachment parenting movement” – which advocates methods such as co-sleeping – where babies and young children sleep close to one or both parents – and feeding on demand.
Some argue, however, that this has shift has negative consequences. US writer Judith Warner suggests that attachment theory has fuelled a culture of “total motherhood”, in which mothers are placed in a demanding position of “total responsibility” for their child’s needs. Attachment parenting, she says, pressures working mothers (particularly) towards a life where they must perpetually work a double shift – both at home and in the workplace – in the interest of their child’s development.
Nazi child rearing
In contemporary Western societies, emphasis and value are placed on the development of our unique “self” and a private emotional world. And attachment theory’s child-centred focus on the emotional needs of infants – and how parents respond to them – lends itself nicely to this value system.
But this hasn’t always been the case. A look at parenting in Nazi Germany and how subsequent generations have struggled to bond with their children raises questions about what happens when societies engineer beliefs about parenting that are starkly at odds with the propositions of attachment theory.
German historians and psychologists have written extensively about the works of the Nazi educator and physician, Johanna Haarer, whose baby-care manual, The German Mother and her First Child – published by the prolific Nazi publisher Julius Friedrich Lehmanns – sold around 600 000 copies by 1945.
Haarer’s manual is most notable for parenting strategies and beliefs that contradict attachment theory. To some extent, her work could be accurately described as an “anti-attachment manual”. She said that babies should be separated from their mothers for 24 hours after they are born, and they should be placed in a separate room.
This separation, Haarer instructed, should continue for the first three months of a baby’s life. A mother could visit the baby only for strictly regulated breastfeeding – no longer than 20 minutes – and she should avoid playing or dawdling around. Haarer believed that such separation was a critical part of a baby’s “training regime”. If a baby continued to cry after it had been fed on schedule, if it was clean and dry, and if it had been offered a dummy, “then, dear mother, become tough” and simply leave her to cry.
Ultimately, her work reflected and shaped child-rearing practices that aligned with the goals of the Hitler Youth movement. Parents were encouraged to produce children who could be integrated into the community, showed no signs of self-pity, self-indulgence or self-concern, and were brave, obedient and disciplined.
Much of the contemporary Western evidence suggests that, in contrast to what the Nazis thought, attachment still plays an important role in many societies when it comes to raising children – even though the ways in which such attachments are arranged can vary dramatically. And while researchers have provided evidence that certain features of attachment may be universal, others can vary remarkably from culture to culture.
It has been presumed, for example, that there is a universal need and motivation for all infants to form attachments to caregivers. They are thought to be neurologically hardwired to seek close attachments and to be equipped with a behavioural repertoire that has evolved to facilitate this.
But how such attachments are formed (and with whom) can differ. Bowlby’s attachment theory emphasises the importance of an infant caregiver bond – most exclusively with the mother or a primary caregiver. But this is not universally true that has to be mother or primary caregiver and is largely a reflection of Western middle-class societies.
Jean Paul Gaultier has slammed the fashion industry for producing "ridiculous" amounts of waste, and insists his next show will focus on "recycling".
The 67-year-old fashion designer has urged brands to stop engaging in a "contest" to see who can make the most clothes, as he believes fashion companies are damaging the planet by producing "far too many collections with far too many clothes".
He said: "Big groups are doing more collections, new collections … with a big amount of clothes. It’s absolutely ridiculous.
"It’s not a question of thinking about what people need. It’s thinking about being bigger. It’s only a question of power and politics."
Gaultier is one of the world’s most influential designers and boasts a fashion career spanning more than four decades, but hit out at other designers who produce clothes that are "not to be worn" but are "more like advertising".
Last year, it was reported that Burberry burnt unsold clothes, accessories, and perfume worth £28.6 million, and Gaultier says the practice is "scandalous".
He added: "Some people destroy the clothes, they burn them. It’s scandalous."
And to combat the waste in the fashion industry, Gaultier insists his next haute couture show in January "will be all about recycling".
Speaking to BBC News, he said: "Keep your clothes … and after, we can make something new. I will help you do that."
Gaultier’s decision to help the environment comes after he last year made the decision to ban fur from his labels, declaring that the way living creatures are killed for their fur to be "absolutely deplorable".
The designer made his announcement on French television, and Mimi Bekhechi – director of international programmes at PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) – insisted that Gaultier’s decision is a "sign of changed times".
She said: "This decision is a sign of changed times, as most people no longer wish to wear anything from animals who were cruelly caged, electrocuted, bludgeoned to death or caught in steel traps, left to die slowly and painfully.
"Fur today is as dead as the poor animals it was stolen from, and any designers not clued up enough to see that may as well hang up their sewing needles now."
DURBAN – From 01 July 2019, FNB eBucks Rewards members will be able to book domestic and international flights through the FNB app.
The bank is the first to offer this service, providing customers with the safety and convenience of paying via FNB Pay on the FNB App.
Customers will now be able to pay for all their travel needs via this seamless and secure payment system on the FNB App. FNB customers who book and pay for flights via the FNB App never have to expose their card details to 3rd parties or other websites.
Raj Makanjee, Chief Executive of FNB Retail said said in a statement: "The travel offering emphasises our commitment to addressing the needs of customers through a trusted, safer and convenient platform. The proposition significantly expands the value we give customers and their families, in line with our focus on family banking".
Makanjee stated that the travel feature expands the suite of services under the eBucks tab and a useful guide on how customers can earn more eBucks, amongst other things.
FNB & RMB Private Bank customers can expect discounts of up to 40 percent off on domestic and international flights. They will also have the ability to manage bookings, view their discounts and maintain family profiles on the app.
Important changes to eBucks Travel include:
1. No minimum eBucks amount required to qualify for discounts when booking flights on eBucks Travel. Members will qualify for discounts using eBucks, an FNB/RMB Private Bank card or a combination of both.
2. Each person in your family with a qualifying FNB account, will now get their own Discounted Flight Allocation:
Domestic Flights: Each family member will get 16 one-way economy or 8 return economy flight allocations per year International Flights: Each family member will get 2 return economy / premium economy flight allocations OR 1 return business flight allocation per year
3. Your spouse and children will continue to qualify on the main member’s discounts of up to 40 percent off on flights with eBucks Travel, if both you and your spouse hold the same qualifying FNB/RMB Private Bank Cheque, Credit or Fusion Account or are on the Spousal pricing option.
4. To qualify, the main member’s spouse must also be part of their FNB/RMB Private Bank Family Banking Profile and the main member’s eBucks Traveller Profile.
5. As a main eBucks member, you will still qualify for discounts when booking for yourself without being on the spousal pricing option.
eBucks Rewards Chief Executive, Johan Moolman said in a statement: "Booking, paying and managing flights for yourself, your family or even your friends has really become easy to do on the FNB App. FNB customers can now compare flights, get discounts as well as get additional Slow lounge visits all when using the FNB App. We look forward to expanding on this and providing even more value to our customers".
To access and start using Flights on app, customers must have an existing eBucks account and have the latest version of the FNB/RMB Private Bank app.
Follow these steps to book your flights on app:
1. Log in to the FNB app on your smartphone
2. Select the Flights icon under eBucks and follow the prompts.
RMB Private Banking clients should follow the same instructions through their RMB Private Bank app
Lamontville Golden Arrows Assistant Coach Mandla Ncikazi has praised their players that have been away on national duty at the ongoing Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon).
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Justice and Correctional Services Minister, Ronald Lamola says the National Prosecuting Authority will have to find ways and means to get funding in order to fund its operations.
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TripAdvisor has become a go-to place for many people setting their sights on travel. With a community of millions of travellers, the social media platform allows people to suss out the best experiences. TripAdvisor’s annual Travelers Choice Awards highlight the top experiences according to the reviews of users from across the globe.
Here are TripAdvisor’s top 10 experiences for 2019:
1. Faster Than Skip-the-Line: Vatican, Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s Basilica Tour
Marvel at some of the Vatican’s popular highlights including Raphael’s Rooms, the Sistine Chapel, and St. Peter’s Basilica. Guided commentary allows visitors to educate themselves on the area while they explore and capture memories. If you are hoping to beat the crowds, book an early morning or evening time slot.
2. Chicago Architecture River Cruise
Chicago is one of the largest cities in the US and boasts some of the most stunning architectural masterpieces. During this tour, learn about the city’s architectural history through an expert’s live narration while enjoying a grand cruise.
3. Tuscany in One Day Sightseeing Tour
Where: Florence, Italy
See the splendour of Tuscany with a day packed itinerary. The tour offers insight into the Italian region through guide commentary and detailed maps. Travellers get to also tuck into a three-course lunch and wine tasting at a winery and can upgrade for admission to the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
4. Snorkelling Silfra Tour
Where: Reykjavik, Iceland
This five-hour tour is the only place where you can snorkel between two continental plates. Spend the day floating through Silfra’s clear waters and marvel at the marine life below. The tour provides all equipment and hotel pickups. For those with a sweet tooth, there’s hot chocolate and cookies available.
5. Red Rock Canyon Electric Bike Tour
Where: Las Vegas, Nevada
There’s more to Las Vegas than casinos and partying. The Red Rock Canyon Electric Bike Tour takes you through the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area where travellers will learn about the local history and geology.
6. Private guided tour on a Vintage Sidecar
Where: Paris, France
Ride through Paris with a guide on a vintage motorcycle sidecar that offers a glimpse into the stunning city. Travellers have the option of riding to Versailles or Giverny, known for their rich history and picturesque views. They also have an option of a hotel pick up or
indulge in a glass of champagne at the Eiffel Tower.
7.Hour-long Luxury Canal Tour
Where: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
For those travellers who want to get away from the crowds, an hour-long luxury canal tour provides an unobstructed view of Amsterdam’s most picturesque sights.
8. Best of Ubud Tour with Jungle Swing
Where: Ubud, Indonesia
Enjoy a full day Ubud Tour exploring the rice terraces, Tegenungan waterfall, and jungle swing tour.
Travellers will also get to spot monkeys in their natural environment at the Ubud Monkey Forest or visit the Tirta Empul water temple. The tour includes hotel pickup, lunch, and all activities
9.Xi’an Evening Food Tour by TukTuk
Where: Xi’an, China
Foodies will love the Xi’an Evening Food Tour that showcases the hidden eateries frequented by locals. Here, travellers will get to taste unlimited samples at up to five food stops.
10. Kaituna River White Water Rafting
Where: Rotorua, New Zealand
This three-hour white-water rafting trip starts from Rotorua. Travellers get to spend an hour paddling rapids on the Kaituna River where they will tap into their adventurous side by slipping down waterfalls and jump from the cliffs. Equipment and round-trip hotel transport is included in the price.
On Tuesday the Duchess of Cambridge made a surprise appearance at All England Club on the 2nd day of the Wimbledon Championship.
There might not be an official dress code for attending Wimbledon, but Kate always brings a touch of sophistication when she attends the annual sporting event.
She stepped out without hubby Prince Harry in a chic white v-neck dress.
The dress by Suzannah features black buttons and accessorized with a simple black belt with bow detail.
Her look was completed with a small Alexander McQueen basket bag, black block heeled shoes and a pair of classic shape Ray-Bans.
She always stuns when she attends Wimbledon. Last year she stood out in a yellow sunshine yellow Dolce and Gabbana dress. And who will forget the Duchess due as Kate and Meghan stepped out together. Royal fans scrutinizing their individual style. Meghan in a striped shirt and white flared trousers. While Kate opted for a black and white printed dress.
Stand-up comedian Ndumiso Lindi isn’t just funny on stage. Performing soon in the "Penny For A Laugh" charity comedy tour, he was a hoot chatting about his spots in the city.
Name: Ndumiso Lindi Age: 38 Day job: Minister of Laughs and Happy Times. Home is… (somewhere) in Johannesburg
Best place for a first date in the city? Nelson Mandela Square. Go to any restaurant and take selfies with Madiba later. Great insta moments to impress your date.
What’s the first thing you do when you arrive back in Joburg from out of town?
Eat my wife’s plate of food.
Best meal you’ve had in Joburg, that’s not at home?
Big Mouth Sandton, I enjoy their sushi.
What local song can’t you stop listening to?
Mandoza’s Respect Life.
And what local TV show are you loving right now?
What’s the last South African movie you watched?
And the last stage play?
The Colour Purple.
When was the last time you attended a music concert/ festival and who was performing?
AKA Orchestra on the Square, with featured artists.
What’s your earliest memory of Joburg?
Within the first few months in Joburg, I got a tyre puncture late one rainy night in the middle of nowhere. I was expecting the worst because of Joburg’s reputation and two guys appeared and helped me change the tyre. There are still good people out there.
So if you were Mayor for the day, what would you do?
Change a street name to Roosta Avenue, no potholes in that street.
Your favourite hangout spot in the city?
Depends, for some good hip hop, I will go to Bar Ber Black Sheep in Parkwood. My all-time favourite spot was The Orbit Jazz Lounge, which recently closed down. For good comedy the Melville Comedy Club.
The best-kept secret in the city?
The Tower of Terror rollercoaster at Gold Reef City Theme Park.
Where is the best place to let your hair down? My backyard, with a glass of whiskey; good music and good company.
Who do you call when you want to have fun and where in the city do you go? Any of my friends who has a weekend visa and depending on suggestions we might end up at Rockets or Bar Ber Black Sheep.
Your favourite coffee shop? Caramello’s in Blue Hills.
Favourite place to shop at in Joburg?
The Mall of Africa because it’s close to home.
Vilakazi Street (Soweto), Maboneng Precinct (Johannesburg CBD), Menlyn (Pretoria) or 4th Avenue (Parkhurst).
Which do you prefer and why?
Maboneng Precinct, great vibe and mix of people.
Which is your favourite market in Joburg and why?
Fourways Farmers Market, great vibe, food and live music.
Which building in Joburg would you love to own and why?
The Four Seasons Hotel The Westcliff; beauty; luxury and class in one.
Which building would you like to be locked in overnight and why?
Sandton City mall, give me all the keys.
What’s the one thing people need to stop doing in the city?
Where is the best view of Joburg?
The restaurant at the Four Seasons Hotel The Westcliff.
Best place for a nightcap?
What’s the one thing that differentiates Joburg from other cities in SA?
The hustle and bustle – JHB pushes you to get out of your comfort zone.
Where would you suggest first-time visitors to the city go to get the best experience of the city?
Apartheid Museum, get your lesson on before you get your vibe on anywhere else.
Lastly, how do you spend your Sunday?
Chilled, at home, enjoying local TV programmes. But, now and then, I visit Busy Corner Shisanyama in Tembisa.
CAPE TOWN – Sekunjalo chairperson Dr Iqbal Survé is set to head up a $1 billion (R14bn) Belt and Road Africa Fund that was announced on the sidelines of the annual World Economic Forum (WEF) Summer Davos Meeting, which is underway in Dalian, China.
The fund will focus on investments in Africa, which will include co-investments in infrastructure, technology, eCommerce, artificial intelligence (AI) and the beneficiation of the resource industry in Africa. Most importantly, the fund will serve as a bridge between African and Chinese businesses, thus strengthening, particularly, the co-operation between business sectors in China and Africa.
Survé, along with several Chinese family offices and business people, launched the fund, which will be capitalised with $1bn from Chinese investors.
“The discussions that we’ve had with Chinese businesspeople, state-owned enterprises and family offices, have resulted in the establishment of this fund. Africa is ready to grow and is heading towards a $5 trillion economy. The Chinese have seen how China was able to grow from 1980 when China made up only 2 percent of the global gross domestic product (GDP) when compared to today, where China makes up 19 percent of the global GDP. This fund is a great boost for the development of Africa,” Survé said.
The Sekunjalo chairperson stressed that while the focus of the fund will be on the continent, South Africa would be one of the beneficiaries.
The Belt and Road Africa Business Council, of which Survé is the chairperson-designate, will be launched in September, with a target membership of at least 1 000 Chinese and African companies. This follows the Survé’s appointment to the Belt and Road News Network Council and Think Tank, earlier this year.
Survé is the immediate past chairperson of the BRICS Business Council for South Africa and in his final year, was also the Business Council Chairman for the BRICS countries. The Belt and Road Initiative, as outlined by Chinese President, Xi Jinping, is one of the most important developments of China and its contribution to the global economy.
Survé said that the fund will announce the sectors in which it will make the investments as well as the format of these investments, at the launch in September.
The University of the Western Cape (UWC) says the aim of its free HIV testing service is to provide students with support and advice on how to stay healthy.
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Cape Town – Following the overwhelming success of #JustMen last year – tackling the scourge of violence against women and children and toxic masculinity – the second instalment, takes this urgent conversation to the next level, at the Baxter Golden Arrow Studio, for a limited season, from 17 July to 3 August, at 7.30pm.
There are three selected school’s matinee performances.
In a post #MeToo movement world, the return of #JustMen, made possible through funding from the City of Cape Town, hopes to further the discussion and bring healing to help turn the tide on this scourge, that continues to hit staggering and unacceptable proportions, as it tears families and communities apart.
Directed by Heinrich Reisenhofer (Joe Barber, Suip!), this latest production sees the return of Loukmaan Adams (Aunty Merle, The Musical, Kat and the Kings) and Thando Doni (Ityala Lamwele, Ubuze Bam). They are joined by Peter Christians, a reformed convict and rap artist who now works as a facilitator in conflict resolution for the Alternatives to Violence Project and gives talks to youth at risk.
Together, the cast and team have devised and revised the play through a rigorous research and workshop process.
#JustMen is an honest and empowering, multi-lingual docudrama, performed by South African men who tell their own stories and confront their own toxic masculinity, as a contributing factor in the violence perpetuated against women and children.
Director Reisenhofer explains: “This was probably one of the most difficult experiences these actors and I have ever gone through – to be willing to stare this legacy in the face and own it. The result was an overwhelmingly stirring and sometimes, shocking, but healing theatre experience. It changed and shifted the lives of so many people who saw the production.
"Since then I have had many people come up to me, telling me how hearing our stories – through this experience – brought closure to their own trauma. Inspiring them to take action and get involved in making a difference.”
He continues, “so many men shared with me, their struggle of wanting to be better and more caring men, but they find that there is no place to realise this.
"We still live in a violent and angry society with little room and few incentives for men to do inner work or have a different way of being. My invitation is to come and experience this next important conversation of #JustMen, get personally involved in your own healing process, and make a difference for other men. We have an opportunity this time to take action,” Reisenhofer said.
For the past eight years Reisenhofer’s personal journey has taken him into the arena of healing and personal transformation work where he has been training and working as a coach and facilitator. In his coaching, he specialises in shame and shadow work guiding participants to forgive, break the old patterns of behaviour and take charge of their biographical storytelling – it’s all about learning to heal one’s particular narrative. This came out of his own healing process where he needed to deal with his relationships and his own shame as a man that he carried from childhood.
Much of the success of the debut production last year, was that the work and the actors did not judge audience members. It challenged men to take collective ownership and created a space which strongly encouraged interactive discussions and engagement, after each performance for both male and female audience members in separate venues.
This production will continue those post-performance discussions, with the focus on individual and collective healing, slowly building a healthier society.
As an added support this season will offer a series of workshops for men, led by skilled community leaders from gender-based organisations, on 2 July, 27 July and 3 August. They will unpack masculinity in a safely held space where men can come to share and process their own stories and experience its transformative power. Details of these workshops will follow soon.
#JustMen runs at the Baxter Golden Arrow Studio from 17 July to 3 August at 7.30pm nightly, with three school’s matinee performances on Thursday 25 July at 11am, Tuesday 30 July at 11am and Thursday 1 August at 11am.
There is an age restriction of 13 years and high schools are encouraged to be part of this journey by bringing along their learners to be part of the process.
Ticket prices are R120, R100 for block bookings of 10 or more and R80 for scholars and students.
Booking is through Webtickets on 086 111 0005, online at www.webtickets.co.za or at Pick n Pay stores. For discounted group or block-bookings contact Leon van Zyl on 021 680 3972 or email him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Mark Kleinschmidt shares his views after watching #JustMen at the Baxter Theatre. Video: Sandisiwe Ntlemeza and Tamryn Christians/ANA Pictures
It was an interesting set-up at Bafana Bafana’s Novotel Hotel just next to the Cairo International Airport in Egypt on Tuesday night.
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Cape Town City’s pre-season is back in full swing as almost all of their players have now assembled ahead of the next month’s Absa Premiership kick off.
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South African Democratic Teachers Union (Sadtu) says overcrowding in classrooms and a lack of infrastructure at schools are some of the major challenges teachers are facing.
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SABC Chief Executive Officer Madoda Mxakwe has raised concerns about the safety of employees at the public broadcaster.
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Pop superstar Taylor Swift has attacked Justin Bieber’s manager for buying her music catalog, prompting Bieber to come to his defence in a heated online spat that has drawn in several top figures in the music industry.
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